Rt Hon Lord Lilley


    Written Parliamentary Question (WPQ)
    475 c24-8W
    Lilley, Peter
    Genetically Modified Organisms: Finance
    To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what financial support his Department has provided to (a) projects and (b) institutions involved in research into genetically modified species in each of the last five years.
    Dept for International Development
    Thomas, Gareth (Harrow West)
    In 2005-06, DFID contributed £1,553,000 to two programmes that included research using genetically modified (GM) techniques. These were the Plant Sciences Research Programme and the Aquaculture and Fish Genetics Research Programme. The main institutions that received grants included: Bangor University; Overseas Development Institute; Bath University; World Fish Centre; Stirling University; and, Asian Institute of Technology.Since 2003 DFID has given £20 million per annum in unrestricted funding to the centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. A list of these, and other international organisations receiving DFID support, is shown as follows. Some of these use GM techniques however it is not possible to attribute DFID funding to specific activities.From 2003 to 2008 DFID has provided £5 million to the African Agricultural Technology Foundation to facilitate access to both GM and conventional agricultural technologies. Last financial year DFID awarded £7.1 million of grants for research that will include the use of GM and non-GM biotechnologies. Details of these grants are provided in Table 1.Names of international institutions receiving DFID support to conduct agricultural research”Africa Rice Center (formerly West African Rice Research and Development Authority)””World Vegetable Centre (formerly Asian Vegetable Research Development Centre)””Bioversity International (formerly International Plant Genetics Research Institute)””CABI-(formally Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux)””Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)””Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)””Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT)””Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP)””International Centre for Development Orientated Research in Africa (ICRA)””International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)””International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)””International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)””International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)””International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)””International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)””International Water Management Institute (IWMI)””World Agro forestry Centre (formerly International Centre for Research on Agroforestry)””World Fish Centre (International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management)””Harvest Plus Challenge Programme””Water and Food Challenge Programme””Sub Saharan Challenge Programme””Genetic Diversity Challenge Programme”

    Table 2:Summary of Grants Awarded under the joint DFID and Biological and Biotechnology Science Research Council Sustainable Agriculture Research for International Development programme
    InstitutionsCountryTitleBudget (£)
    Leeds UniversityUKNematode resistant plantain for African subsistence growers.524,216
    International Institute of Tropical AgricultureUganda
    John Innes CentreUKAssessment of genetic biodiversity of durable disease resistance in African wheat genotypes, leading to the development of markers for wheat breeding.662,385
    University of Free StateSouth Africa
    Nottingham UniversityUKPhytoplasma diseases of coconuts: Understanding their transmission, and the sustainable breeding of resistant and tolerant varieties.355,684
    Oil Palm Research InstituteGhana
    Natural Resources InstituteUKHow resistant plant varieties avoid suppression of RNA silencing by viruses as exemplified by sweet potato: Better food security through virus control.727,544
    University of CambridgeUK
    Central Science LaboratoryUK
    The International Potato CenterPeru
    Makerere UniversityUganda
    National Agricultural Research OrganisationUganda
    University of WarwickUKAccelerated breeding of black rot resistant brassicas for the benefit of east African smallholders.729,705
    Central Science LaboratoryUK
    RothamstedUKTowards incorporating the biosynthetic transformation required for Striga inhibition from Desmodium into edible legume intercrops.620,877
    International Centre of Insect Physiology and EcologyKenya
    RothamstedUKNutrient regulation of the saprotroph to parasite transition in Pochonia chlamydosporia, a soil microbial inoculant for nematode control.408,308
    University of NairobiKenya
    AberdeenUKCharacterizing genetic and soil induced variation in arsenic uptake, translocation and metabolism in rice to mitigate arsenic contamination in Asia.657,328
    Calcutta UniversityIndia
    Bangladesh Agricultural UniversityBangladesh
    Chinese Academy of SciencesChina
    International Rice Research InstitutePhilippines
    National Institute of Agricultural BotanyUKCis-acting regulatory elements in the rice genome: a novel source of alleles for rice breeding.607,807
    International Rice Research InstitutePhilippines
    Sheffield (WARDA)UKUnravelling the molecular genetic basis of Striga resistance in cereals: integrating Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) and genomic approaches.596,880
    International CropsIndia
    Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics African Rice CenterSenegal
    National Institute of Agricultural BotanyUK
    Lancaster UniversityUKUnderstanding the mechanisms of persistence and dispersal of an insect pathogen and its potential for novel strategic control of African armyworms.617,328
    Natural Resources Institute, GreenwichUK
    Laurentian UniversityCanada
    Sokoine University of AgricultureTanzania
    Institute of Grassland and Environmental ResearchUKIntegrating genomics and mapping approaches to improve pearl millet productivity in drought prone regions of Africa and Asia.634,859
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid TropicsIndia
    University of Cape CoastGhana
    All India Coordinated RP on Pearl MilletIndia
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    Commons Chamber